A WESTMORLAND MISCELLANY
Extracts from the Hearth and Window Tax records
index and returns from the Constables' Census.


The data below is used by kind permission of Les Strong, whose excellent 'Westmorland villages' webpages may be found at:

http://edenlinks.rootsweb.com/1gp/START.HTM

whence, after an exhaustive search, I extracted the following entries.  Historical notes relating to the Window and Hearth taxes are mine, however.


The Hearth Tax - Westmorland 1674

Hearth Tax, also known as 'chimney money' was in place from 1662 to 1688 and was levied at the rate of 2 shillings a year for each fireplace in a dwelling valued at more than 20 shillings. It fell due, in equal instalments, on Ladyday (25th March) and Michaelmas (29th September), from the occupier, or owner if it was vacant (voide). An extremely unpopular tax, it even led to civil unrest in some parts. Much of its unpopularity arose from the duty of the assessor enter every room of the house, in order to ascertain the number of hearths therein. It is believed that many chimneys were blocked up to qualify for exemption.

Those liable to pay: Name | Constablewick | Ward

HOGGART Hen  -  Old Hutton  -  Kendal.
HOGGART Tho  -  Troutbeck  -  Kendal.
HOGGART Geo  -  Holme in Burton parish  -  Lonsdale.
HOGGART Wm  -  Bampton  -  West.
HOGGART Wm  -  Bampton  -  West.
HOGGART Allen  -  Bampton Pattricke  -  West.
HOGGART Wm  -  Bampton Pattricke  -  West.
HOGGART Wm  -  Bampton Pattricke  -  West.
HOGGART Rich  -  Sledall in the bottom  -  West.


The Window Tax - South Westmorland 1777

Hearth Tax was eventually repealed and in its place, a window tax was established. It underwent several changes, but in January 1775, was levied at the basic rate of three shillings upon every house in England, and one shilling upon every house in Scotland. As well as the basic levy, further duty lay upon additional windows, so that (in England) this extra liabilty rose incrementally from twopence, for dwellings with no more than seven windows, to two shillings, for a house with twenty-five or more. Generally, the owner of an urban property was likely to be more affluent than his rural counterpart, so this tax also proved unpopular, largely because of the inequitable impact it had on rural communities. It would now be the windows which were to be blocked up.

Occurrences of HOGGARTH, HOGGART, or HOGGARD,
in the lists of those liable to pay.

Agnes  8
Benjamin  1, 2
Edward  8
George  3
Henry  2
John  2, 8
Jon  2
Michael  1
Peter  1
Richard  5, 9
Robert  9
Thomas  1, 5
William  9

Key to geographical locations:-

1  -  A to B including: Ambleside, Applethwaite, Barbon, Beetham & Farleton, Burton.

2  -  C to G including: Casterton, Crook, Crosthwaite & Lyth, Dilliker, Docker, Fawcet Forest, Firbank, Grasmere, Grayrigg.

3  -  H including: Helsington, Highgate, Hincaster, Holme, Hugill, Hutton Roof.

4  -  I to K including: Kentmere, Killington, Kirkby Lonsdale, Kirkland.

5  -  L including: Langdale, Lambrigg, Levens, Longsleddale, Lupton.

6  -  M including: Mansergh, Middleton, Milnthorpe, Heversham and Haverbracks, Natland, Nether Graveship, Nether Staveley, New Hutton.

7  -  O to R including: Old Hutton, Over Staveley, Preston Patrick, Preston Richard, Rydal.

8  -  S including: Scalthwaite Rigg, Sedgwick, Skelsmergh & Patton, Stainton, Stramongate, Stricklandgate, Stricklands.

9  -  T to Z including: Troutbeck, Underbarrow, Undermillbeck, Whinfield, Whitwell, Selside, Witherslack & Meathop.


The Window Tax - North Westmorland 1777

HOGGART, William - 1
HOGGARTH, Mary - 1
HOGGARTH, Robert - 1
HOGGARTH, William - 2

Key to geographical locations:-

1).  A to B including: Appleby, Asby (Winderwath and Coatsforth), Askham, Bampton, Barton, Birkbeck Fells, Bleatarn, Bolton, Bongate, Brampton, Bretherdale, Brough, Brough Sowerby, Brougham, Burrells and Burton.

2).  C to E including: Cliburn, Clifton, Colby, Crackenthorpe, Crosby Garrett, Crosby Ravensworth, Drybeck and Dufton.


The Constables' Census - Westmorland 1787

Towards the end of 1787 it was decreed that every house in Westmorland should be surveyed for census by the local constable. Some of these records survive, some do not. The standard of reporting varies greatly. West Ward is the most comprehensively covered, Followed by East Ward. Kendal Ward has few surviving returns and Lonsdale Ward has none. The actual returns were taken during December 1787.


WEST WARD

Clifton parish:

William HOGARTH Head Yeoman M
Frances HOGARTH WIFE F
William HOGARTH [Son] M

 

Kings Meaburn - Morland Parish:

William TEBA Head Yeoman M
Isabella TEBA Wife F
Mary TEBA Daughter Minor F
Margret TEBA Daughter Minor F
Lisabell TEBA Daughter Minor F
Petter HOGERT Servant M

 

Bampton parish:

Thos HOGGART [Householder] Labourer M
[unnamed] Son M

 

Crosby Ravensworth parish:

Richd HOGARTH [Householder] Farmer M
[unnamed] HOGARTH Wife F
[unnamed] HOGARTH [Daughter] F
[unnamed] [Man-servant] M

 

Rosgill & Sleddale - Shap parish:

John HOGARTH Head Waller M
Margart HOGARTH Wife F
[unnamed] HOGARTH Daughter F
[unnamed] HOGARTH Daughter F
[unnamed] HOGARTH Daughter F
[unnamed HOGARTH Daughter F
John HOGARTH sen. Husbandman M

 

Helton Flecket - Askham parish:

Mable HOGGART Head Yeoman F
[unnamed] F
[unnamed] F

 

EAST WARD

HOGGARTH Mary, Bleatarn.
HOGGARTH Robt, Bleatarn.


Constablewick of Stricklandgate:

Edwd HOGGARTH Head Labourer M
Abigal HOGGARTH Wife F

Mr John HOGGARTH Head Innkeeper M
Mr Eden HOWARD Gentleman M
Gilbart MacNAUGHTON Brandy Merchant M
Barbrey HOGGARTH Wife F
Jane HOGGARTH Daughter F
Nancey HOGGARTH Daughter F

 


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