William Henry Farrar Ocean Ocean Hogarth
by Richard Hogarth of Sebring, Florida.

Here is the saga of "Ocean Ocean" in the words of his 12th child, Grace Cornell Hogarth.  Any information regarding William's army father, or his grandfather, would be greatly appreciated.


William Henry Farrar Ocean Ocean Hogarth
23 January 1822 - 16 January 1891

William's birth was quite an event.  His 12th child, Grace Cornell Hogarth, recounts and embellishes the story with her typical understanding of human emotions.  In Grace's words: "Although an Englishman, William was not born on English soil, but on a British Troopship in West Indian waters on January 23rd 1822.  It was unusual for women to be on transport ships, but there were officer's wives on the ship.  His father must have been favoured to have been given the priviledge of having his wife on board, since he was assigned as a Clarinet player in the British Army band.

The ship was named "Ocean" and was to have reached its destination before the 'blessed event', but mechanical trouble forced the transport to stop at the port of Armagh, Ireland, for repairs, where it remained for six weeks.  Unable to reach its destination at the specified time, the Stork caught up with it in West Indian waters, and it was there that William first saw the light of day.  Imagine the British with a problem like that!  Sometimes we hear of an occurrence that staggers the imagination.  This must have been one of those times, because everyone wanted to name the tiny Briton.  The chief officer -- doubtless an Admiral, considered it his right.  The mother insisted it her right and won, honouring her father, "William Henry Farrar".  The officer, wanting to commemorate the name of his ship, insisted on adding the name "Ocean" to the name the mother chose.  Can you imagine the clamour of a pent up Army voicing its rights, all of them wanting a finger in the pie?  The only name all could agree on was "Ocean", so another "Ocean" was added to commemorate the fact that the child was born on the ocean.  Before the babe could voice a protest, the Chaplain of the Regiment christened him William Henry Farrar Ocean Ocean Hogarth.  It was a moniker that he varied many times and led to resultant confusion in his records.

When only 3 days old, they were shipwrecked, and the family stayed in the West Indies until William's father died of a lung disease in 1825.  His mother, Elizabeth Farrar, took William and returned to Manchester, England.

When he was a young man, William had the longing to check his roots, as all of us do on occasion.  Possibly his mother's remarriage to Solomon Bret made the quest more urgent, but at any rate he hunted up his father's people, but received a cool reception.  He did verify the fact that his paternal grandfather was a book publisher and engraver, as was the celebrated artist and engraver William Hogarth who died in 1764, convincing William that he was a twig of the same tree as the great Reformer-artist beloved by the British to this day.  As William's father had died in 1825, and Hogarth the Artist in 1764 (only 61 years between those dates) and his father had served in the British Army, there probably is a connection.

William sang in a Church choir as a boy; he had a sister who was a Church singer; he also had a younger sister who was a concert singer. Exactly when he came over to America is not clear, but he settled in Western Pennsylvania, and it was there in 1851 that he married Hannah Brown. She was 23 and he was 29. They had 12 children in the next 21 years, the first four of whom, died in infancy:

1.  William Henry Farrar Ocean Ocean Hogarth Jr.
2.  Infant boy -
3.  Lucy -
4.  Emma -
5.  Elizabeth - 'Libby' who married Cornell, and had Wilbur & Edna
6.  James E - who stayed a bachelor
7.  Jane Brown - 'Jennie' who married Kitson, and died January 17th 1922
8.  Henry Frederick - who had five children
9.  Christopher Brown - our link to the Hogarth name
10.  Jessie May - Later married Charles Leach
11.  Frederick R - married Mattie, and had a son, Vernon
12.  Grace Cornell - Later married Van Siclen

William joined the Masons - Palestine Lodge #204 F & A M, on January 22nd 1857, signing his name "Henry Hogarth". Patriotism running high and Civil War being imminent, right after 4th of July festivities he became a citizen of America on July 6th 1860, in the court of Common Pleas in New York city, signing his name as "Henry Hogarth". Exactly when and for how long is not clear, but William served the Union forces during the Civil War. Quoting his youngest daughter, Grace, again "He was in New York when Uncle Sam was enticing men to join the Army. Sympathy for the Slaves was being hawked in the streets and in newspapers. So, on the spur of the moment, he enlisted, leaving his wife and children - so tender-hearted, he could not resist."  Some confusion exists as to why his complete name is not used on the military records, but in studying his papers and memorabilia, the letters of those who knew him, the scene must have happened thus:  A sesitive, tender-hearted man who couldn't say no, who couldn't read or write very much beyond his name, used to working with his hands as an Ironmonger, now filled with the sense of duty his recent naturalization has bought him, faces a Recruiting Sergeant, trembling with anticipation of all the new things and experiences that await him, states his name as "William Henry Farrar Ocean Ocean Hogarth". The harried sergeant, not wanting to fill out any more than necessary on the myriad Army forms says "You're gonna have three names like all the rest - We'll put down William Henry Farrar". Temporarily cowed by someone with seemingly more knowledge, citizenship and certainly authority, William nods his reluctant approval of his name his name once again being massaged to fit the needs of this American society.  He fought in the Civil War - his record was framed and his grandson Robert had it for many years.  The Commendations are on that record.  He was at Appomattox April 9, 1865 when Lee surrendered.

The last receipt for his Masonic dues was dated April 28th 1864, so it is hard to determine just when he returned to his family after the war.  When he did, his devoted wife helped him to educate himself to keep books and expand his reading and writing skills.  They moved from Pennsylvania - where Hannah had been staying on her brother's farm - to Yonkers, New York, then to Passaic, New Jersey, where they built a large home and settled.  Ultimately, he owned and operated his own foundry and kept his own books, unaided.  "William was not the sort of man to set the world on fire" said his daughter Grace.  "Several times he failed in business because he could not urge others to do what they were employed to do."  Some examples of his work show that his Craftman blood that was shared to some degree by the famous engraver of England.  He made the door-plate with his name that is now on his grandson's door.  He also fashioned a small anvil as a paperweight for his son Chris, when Chris was 25 and working for W H Crossman & Brothers, showing that in 1888 at age 66, his hand was still skilled at metalwork.

Exercising his prerogative of official American Citizenship, he voted in the election of 1869 for Horace Greely.  Well, we can't pick winners every time!

William changed masonic lodges, possibly due to moving to Clifton, New Jersey, but records show he paid masonic dues to George G Meade Post #7 in Passaic NJ, in 1885, but just why the change in posts is not clear.  The Meade Post Grand Army of the Republic did participate in his funeral.  After suffering from the effects of a stroke for two weeks, another stroke took his life on January 16, 1891.  His four sons and two grandsons acted as pall-bearers and carried him to his final resting-place at Cedar Lawns cemetery.

Richard Hogarth - Sebring, Florida.

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