Richard Hogarth (1823-1888)
From Scotland to New Zealand

There appear to be a number of questions and statements about my great great grandfather Richard Hogarth.  For the record, this is all we know -- Richard Hogarth’s life.

Richard was born around April, 1823, in Muir of Ord, “the Black Moor of Ord”, near Beauly in the Highlands of Scotland.  He was christened on 23 April, 1823; his mother, Margaret Ross, was the second wife of his father John Haggard, so as well as two older full siblings, there were three even older half siblings (though probably Richard Haggard, born 1813, had died before this Richard was born; his mother may also have died when he was born.

The spelling of the family surname is extremely varied.  In John Haggard’s birth record, his father is “Walter Sagard”; John’s name is Haggard in his children’s birth notices; other variants of the name include Hoggart and Huggard.

When Richard’s older siblings William and Deborah were born in 1815 and 1817, his father John was a vintner in Beauly.  He had moved to Muir of Ord when Richard was born, so we don’t know if he still worked as a vintner.

The next record of Richard is of 18-year-old “Rickard Haggart” in the 1841 census.  He and his older brother William, both tailors, were living in Avoch in the same household as Anne Young’s grandmother (Ann Sutherland nee Hossack) and her son Alexander Sutherland, a shoemaker. David and Mary Heid also lived there (David was a sailor), and there was also a Marion Sutherland, born about 1821. (Could this have been Maria Sutherland, who later married William Haggart?)

Five years later, on 18 December 1946, Richard married Ann Young in Avoch.  He and his wife lived in Avoch and he continued to work as a tailor there.  In the year after the marriage, the couple had a baby girl, Deborah Summers Hogarth.  (Deborah was the name of Richard’s sister; we don’t know the origin of “Summers”.)  Then in 1849, they had a boy, John Young Hogarth.  Richard was doing well enough to have a fine gravestone erected for his father-in-law (leaving a space for Elspet’s details to be added).  Another son, Alexander Young Hogarth, was born in 1851.

A census taken before Alexander’s birth in 1851 shows that the household then consisted of Richard, Anne, the children Deborah and John, and a journeyman tailor, Alexander Ross, working with Richard.

In 1852, Richard’s brother William with his wife and family emigrated to Australia, and in 1853 Anne and Richard’s family followed.  Family tradition says they lived in Glasgow for some time before 1853, when they sailed to Australia from Liverpool on the Genghis Khan (or Ganges Khan) and settled in Victoria.  The shipping records list a Hoggart family comprising Richd 29, Ann 24, Deborah 4, John Y 3, and Alexander 1, travelling to Australia.

In Australia, Richard and Anne had more children: William Hogarth born 1854, Richard Hogarth born 1855, Annie Elspeth Hogarth born in 1856, Margaret Ross Hogarth born in 1858, and twins William Ross Hogarth and Alexander Sutherland Hogarth born in 1861.  (The older Alexander and William must both have died by 1861.)  Jean Irvine Ross Hogarth was born in 1866, and Francis Rae Hogarth was born in 1869.

In 1873-4 Richard, still a tailor, was living in Adelaide and became bankrupt; he was called to appear for insolvency adjudications on 15 Dec 1873 and 12 Jan 1874.  Frank Rae Hogarth’s 1936 obituary tells us that he came to New Zealand with his parents, Anne and Richard, when he was 8, (i.e., in about 1877).  (Jean would have been 11 and the twins 16, they probably accompanied their parents, and possibly Annie Elspeth did too, though she would have been 21). Richard’s oldest son John Young Hogarth, who was to be Phyllis Webb’s grandfather, was already living in Wellington. Deborah, who had married in 1865, stayed in Australia until the 1880s or 90s.  Our next information about Richard shows him living in Stafford St, Wellington, in 1880, 57 years old and still working as a tailor.  The following year, 1881, one of his twin sons died at the age of 20 and two years later the other also died, at 22.  In 1885 and 1887 Richard was living in Cuba St, Wellington, still working as a tailor.

In April 1888, Richard slipped when trying to get onto a tram on Cuba Street and his left arm was caught under the tram.  Richard was taken to hospital, where his son John visited him; he was fully conscious and said that the accident was in no way the tram driver’s fault.  He first seemed to be recovering from his bruises and lacerations, but blood poisoning set in and he died on 18 April.  An inquest was held on the 19th and he was buried in Bolton St Cemetery the following day, in the Public section, Plot no 90.S.  He shared a grave with his granddaughter Mabel, John Young Hogarth’s child, who had died 2 weeks earlier.  His twin sons are buried close by.  There is no headstone at the site; but the gravesite shared by Richard and Mabel can be identified between the two adjoining graves.

Information about the latter lives of Richard’s children is appended to “Anne Young’s life”, There also seem to be some questions about his father and mother-in-law Elspet Sutherland’s life.

Elspet was born in early January, 1803, in the fishing village of Avoch on the Black Isle in the Highlands of Scotland, and was baptised on 5 January 1803.  Avoch was growing rapidly at that time, as fish were in demand.  Her parents were Alexander Sutherland, “labourer at Bennetsfield” [Bennetsfield was part of Avoch west over the Henrietta Bridge], and her mother was Ann Hossach or Hossack, who had been born in Avoch and was married there.  Ann Hossach’s paternal grandparents, William Hossach and Christian Fiddler, were married in Cromarty in 1752, so the Hossacks had lived on the Black Isle for at least three generations.  Elspet’s parents were married at Avoch on 18 December 1795 and their first child, Christian, was born early in Febrary 1786.  A second child, Ann, was born in 1800 and Elspet was the third child.

More children were born – Alexander in 1805, Margaret in 1808, another Christian in 1811, William in 1813, and another Alexander in 1896, when Ann, the mother, was 41.  (The first Christian and Alexander must have died before the second ones were born and named.)  A last child, Maria, was born three years later when Ann was 44 and Elspet was 16.  (Maria grew up to marry Richard Hogarth’s older brother William, and in the 1851 census, Elspet Sutherland is the name ascribed to William’s mother-in-law.  We have not seen Maria’s birth or marriage record; it may be that she is the child of Elspet and an unknown father and that Elspet’s parents brought her up as their own.)

By the time she turned 25, Elspet was the de facto wife of Avoch shoemaker John Young, and in that year, 1828, she gave birth to their first daughter, Anne.  (Ann was the name of Elspet’s own mother and both of her grandmothers.)  In 1831 they had a second daughter, Margaret, and on 23 June, 1832, the couple were married in Avoch.  John Young may have already become ill and wanted to legitimize his daughters before he died. He died on 3 May, 1833, aged 40; Elspet was 30 and was pregnant with another daughter, Jean, who was born 21 October 1833.

Eight years later, the 1841 census tells us that “Elspet Young” was still living in the ”Village of Avoch” with Anne aged 13 and Margaret, 10.  (Baby Jean must have died, her name is not mentioned in the 1841 census.)  They lived in a household with several other families: the Seiths (2 adults and a child), the Reids (2 adults and 2 children), the Willisons (2 adults), the Jacks (2 adult women), the Corners (a woman and a child), and one 10-year old child called Jemma Denon.  Elspet was working as a net maker.  It seems a very large household, and it included 3 working men (a fisher, a boat builder, and a labourer) and one woman described as “dumb”.  Elspet is the only woman who had a job.  Probably they were all very poor.  In 1841, Elspet’s mother Ann, aged 66, was also living in the “Village of Avoch” with her son Alexander Sutherland, shoemaker, 26, and "Marion" (probably Maria) Sutherland, 20, plus David Heid, sailor, and Mary Heid (both aged 20) and tailors Wm and Rickard Hossack.  (Elspet’s father Alexander must have died, and perhaps Ann was making a living by taking in boarders.) William Hossack married Maria that same year, and Richard Hossack married Anne 5 years later, in 1846.

By the time of the next census in 1851, no Elspet Young born in Avoch is recorded, but “Elspet Sutherland”, spinner, age 49, is living in Queens Street, Avoch, with William and Maria Hoggart and their four small children, along with Margaret Reid, 22, servant.  Elspet is described as William’s mother-in-law.  (It seems most unlikely that Maria Sutherland would be the daughter of some other Elspet Sutherland of the same age and birthplace, but brought up by our Elspet’s parents.)  Maria’s last baby, Maria Ross Hoggart, born on 1 February 1851, was two months old when the census was taken, but she and her mother must both have died within the next year, because on 4 June 1852, William married Ann Grant Macintosh in Avoch, and soon afterwards the couple emigrated, arriving in Victoria, Australia, in September 1852 with William and Maria’s three young sons but no baby Maria.

Elspet did not accompany them to Australia, and the next year her other daughter and son-in-law, Anne and Richard Hogarth, also emigrated to Australia with three young children. Had Elspet died too? Probably not.  The 1861 census records an “Elizabeth Young”, of the right age and born in Avoch.

Greg Smith ~ August 2013

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